Diabetes mellitus, or simply diabetes, is a chronic disease that occurs when the pancreas is no longer able to make insulin or when the body cannot make good use of the insulin it produces.
Insulin is a hormone made by the pancreas, that acts like a key to let glucose from the food we eat pass from the bloodstream into the cells in the body to produce energy. All carbohydrate foods are broken down into glucose in the blood. Insulin helps glucose get into the cells.
Not being able to produce insulin or use it effectively leads to raised glucose levels in the blood, known as hyperglycemia. Over the long-term, high glucose levels are associated with damage to the body and failure of various organs and tissues. (Source: The International Diabetes Federation)
415 million people live with diabetes worldwide, a number that is expected to rise to 642 million by 2040. Every 6 seconds someone dies from diabetes-related complications.
Find out more about type 1 diabetes.
Find out more about type 2 diabetes.
Find out more about gestational diabetes.